CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
The application of probiotic fermented milks in cancer and intestinal inflammation
DE MORENO DE LEBLANC, ALEJANDRA; PERDIGON, GABRIELA
PROCEEDINGS OF THE NUTRITION SOCIETY
CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS
Año: 2010 vol. 69 p. 421 - 421
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are present in many foods such as yoghurt and are frequently used as probiotics to improve some biological functions of the host. Many researchers have evaluated the effects of yoghurt and LAB against diseases such as cancer and intestinal inflammation. The preventive effect of probiotics on intestinal carcinogenesis may be associated with changes in the intestinal microbiota, suppressing the growth of bacteria that convert procarcinogens into carcinogens. Other mechanisms would be related to the immune response modulation and have been evaluated using milks fermented with LAB in chemically induced colon cancer and hormone dependent breast cancer models. We demonstrated using a murine colon cancer model that yoghurt consumption inhibited tumour growth decreasing the inflammatory response by increasing IL-10 secreting cells, cellular apoptosis and diminishing procarcinogenic enzymes. Milk fermented with L. helveticus R389 delayed breast tumour growth by decreasing IL-6 and increasing IL-10 in serum and in the mammary glands and tumour infiltrating immune cells. Previous results obtained with yoghurt administration in a colon cancer model led us to analyze its effect on a TNBS (trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid) induced intestinal inflammation model in mice. Yoghurt was able to attenuate the symptoms of acute inflammation by reducing inflammatory cytokines, and increasing regulatory cytokine IL-10-producing cells, leading to desirable changes of the intestinal microbiota. It was demonstrated using murine models that the consumption of fermented milks can modulate the immune system and maintain it in a state of surveillance able to affront different pathologies such as cancer and intestinal inflammation.