CENTRO DE REFERENCIA PARA LACTOBACILOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Molecular identification of naturally occurring bacteriocinogenic
MARIA BEATRIZ ORTOLANI; PAULA MORAES; L. M. PERÍN; GABRIELA VIÇOSA; KATIA GIANNI DE CARVALHO; ALBERTO SILVIA JUNIOR; LUIS AUGUSTO NERO
JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE
AMER DAIRY SCIENCE ASSOC-ADSA
Año: 2010 vol. 93 p. 2880 - 2880
>Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are currently used by food industries because of their ability to produce metabolites with antimicrobial activity against gram-positive pathogens and spoilage microorganisms. The objectives of this study were to identify naturally occurring bacteriocinogenic or bacteriocinogenic-like LAB in raw milk and soft cheese and to detect the presence of nisincoding genes in cultures identified as Lactococcus lactis. Lactic acid bacteria cultures were isolated from 389 raw milk and soft cheese samples and were later characterized for the production of antimicrobial substances against Listeria monocytogenes. Of these, 58 (14.9%) LAB cultures were identified as antagonistic; the nature of this antagonistic activity was then characterized via enzymatic tests to confirm the proteinaceous nature of the antimicrobial substances. In addition, 20 of these antagonistic cultures were selected and submitted to genetic sequencing; they were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum (n = 2) and Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis (n = 18). Nisin genes were identified by polymerase chain reaction in 7 of these cultures. The identified bacteriocinogenic and bacteriocinogenic-like cultures were highly variable concerning the production and activity of antimicrobial substances, even when they were genetically similar. The obtained results indicated the need for molecular and phenotypic methodologies to properly characterize bacteriocinogenic LAB, as well as the potential use of these cultures as tools to provide food safety.