INSTITUTO DE LIMNOLOGIA "DR. RAUL A. RINGUELET"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Tegula atra (Lesson, 1830) (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in the marine Quaternary of Patagonia (Argentina, SW Atlantic): Biostratigraphical tool and palaeoclimate-palaeoceanographical signal
AGUIRRE, MARINA; RICHIANO, SEBASTIÁN; DONATO, MARIANO; FARINATI , ESTER A.
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2013 vol. 305 p. 163 - 163
Results of the systematic review and regional palaeobiogeographical context of Tegula atra, including morphometric, multivariate and cladistic analyses, show that it is a keystone species in the marine Quaternary of Argentina that can be used as Pleistocene biostratigraphical tool and paleoclimate-palaeoceanographical signal. While it was absent in warmer than present high sea-level episodes during the Miocene (Entrerriense transgression, ca.10 Ma) and Pleistocene (MIS11), it exhibits an excellent and abundant fossil record within dominantly cool coastal settings exclusively during the Late Pleistocene (MIS9, 7 and 5) between Río Negro and southern Santa Cruz provinces (Patagonia). Itfirst appeared in the SEP during the late Pliocene (cooling trend), dispersed during the Late Pleistocene into the SWApresumably by rafting on macroalgae along the Cabo de Hornos and Malvinas (Falkland) currents, butbecame extinct in the Mar Argentino (Magellan Malacological province) during the Holocene (amelio-ration trend). Its absence at present represents a climate change-driven range shift and independentevidence of palaeoceanographical changes after the LGM and at the Pleistocene/Holocene transition: changes in SST (ca. 2C higher), wind velocities (less), light (less), nutrient availability (less), extension and intensity of cold (less) and warm (increased) shallow water currents altering water masses and biogeographical boundaries. Altogether, these changes and the Holocene scenario were disadvantageous, causing direct effects on its physiology and survival, in turn preventing the occurrence of the associated macroalgae (Durvillaea antarctica) and its successful dispersal in the SWA or retraction to the cold Humboldt System waters. This study reinforces the importance of dispersalist models to explain the origin of key taxa, adding for a better understanding of molluscan taxonomic differences along the SWA and SEP margins of South America, with implications for future coastal scenarios. The distribution of T. atraacross time is a new example of the strong linkage between earth history-climatic cycles-atmospheric and oceanic circulation and the late Quaternary biotic responses, showing a possible consequence of future climate change on nearshore communities.