CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION Y DESARROLLO EN CIENCIAS APLICADAS "DR. JORGE J. RONCO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Mesoporous titania directly modified with tungstophosphoric acid: Synthesis,
FUCHS, V.M; MÉNDEZ, L; BLANCO, M.N; PIZZIO, L.R
APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: 358 (2009) 7378; Año: 2009 vol. 358 p. 73 - 73
The materials were synthesized by the sol-gel method, using titanium isopropoxide as precursor and urea as pore-forming agent. During the gelation, an alcoholic solution of tungstophosphoric acid (TPA) was added. Its concentration was varied in order to obtain TPA contents of 0, 10, 20 and 30% w/w in the solid. The urea was extracted with water and the solids were thermally treated between 100 and 600 °C. Mesoporous solids were obtained, with a mean pore diameter (Dp) larger than 3.1 nm. The specific surface area (SBET) decreased and Dp slightly increased when the TPA content was raised. SBET also diminished when the calcination temperature was increased, the decrease being lower for higher TPA contents. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the solids modified with TPA only presented the characteristic peaks of the anatase phase. The crystallinity and the crystal size increased for higher calcination temperatures. According to the Fourier transform infrared and 31P magic angle spinning-nuclear magnetic resonance spectra, the [PW12O40]3- species is the one mainly present in the solids. The band gap values obtained from the UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectra are slightly lower than those reported for the anatase phase. The activity of the materials in the photodegradation of methyl orange was higher when the TPA content and the calcination temperature of the samples were raised. A lower recombination degree of the photogenerated electrons and holes, lower band gap values, and a higher crystallinity of the samples are the main effects responsible for the activity increase.