CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION Y DESARROLLO EN CIENCIAS APLICADAS "DR. JORGE J. RONCO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
A suitable synthesis of azlactones 4-benzylidene-2-phenyloxazolin-5-ones and 4-alkylidene-2-phenyloxazolin-5-ones) catalyzed by silicaalumina supported heteropolyacids
G. ROMANELLI; J.C. AUTINO; P. VÁZQUEZ; L. PIZZIO; M. BLANCO; C. CÁCERES
APPLIED CATALYSIS A-GENERAL
Lugar: Amsterdam-Holanda; Año: 2008
Eleven examples of azlactones (4-benzylidene-2-phenyloxazolin-5-ones and 4-alkylidene-2-phenyloxazolin-5-ones) were prepared via an Erlenmeyer-type synthesis from aromatic aldehydes, hippuric acid and acetic anhydride was added to the hot solution as a dehydrating agent. Molybdophosphoric or tungstophosphoric acids supported on silicaalumina, obtained by the solgel method, catalyze the reaction. The prepared catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction and diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The specific surface area of the catalysts was determined by the nitrogen adsorption/desorption at 196 ºC technique, and the catalyst acidity was measured by potentiometric titration with n-butylamine.The heteropolyacid amount removed from the catalysts during the leaching with toluenewas lower than 1%. The products were obtained with high conversion and selectivity. The yields were in the 8796% range for the majority of the selected samples, with the exception of the azlactones synthesized from 2-nitrobenzaldehyde and cyclohexanone, which gave yields in the 7080% range. The same catalysts were used several times without appreciable loss of their catalytic activity. A rational mechanism for the azlactone formation catalyzed by the supported heteropolyacid is proposed.