CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION Y DESARROLLO EN CIENCIAS APLICADAS "DR. JORGE J. RONCO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Additive Synthesis by Sol-gel Method for its use as Antimicrobial
R. ARRECHE; F. HERNÁNDEZ; M. BLANCO; P. G. VÁZQUEZ
Procedia Materials Science
Elsevier B. V.
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2015 vol. 8 p. 397 - 397
The antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles makes this chemical element attractive for their incorporation in different materials. Additionally, heteropolyacids (HPAs) have advantages as catalysts which make them environmentally very interesting. The objective of this work is to incorporate in a silica matrix obtained by sol-gel an HPA together with Ag, for their use as fillers in paints or adhesives. Six samples were synthesized, using tetraethoxysilane, methyltrimethoxysilane, acetic acid, molybdophosphoric acid and silver acetate. The silicas were characterized by potentiometric titration, XRD, SEM, TEM, SBET and FT-IR. When HPA is used instead of acetic acid, a variation on the final acidity is produced. The specific surface area decreases when HPA is incorporated into the silica synthesized using tetraethoxysilane as precursor, noticing a slight increase when Ag is added because a different distribution of HPA in the matrix. By SEM, it was observed that the particle size is bigger when the silicas are synthesized with TEOS-HPA, but it still shows the characteristic morphology of bulk silica. Additionally, preliminary test to evaluate the antimicrobial properties of the solids were carried out with fungi as Chaetomium globosum and Alternaria alternate, isolated from contaminated paints, and the first results are encouraging to continue with the development of these materials.