CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION Y DESARROLLO EN CIENCIAS APLICADAS "DR. JORGE J. RONCO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Green synthesis of 6-cyano-2,2-dimethyl-2-H-1-benzopyran and its subsequent enantioselective epoxidation
G. ROMANELLI; A. SATHICQ; P. VÀZQUEZ; A. VILLA; E. ALARCÓN; E. GRAJALES; J. CUBILLOS
JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR CATALYSIS A-CHEMICAL
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2015 vol. 398 p. 11 - 11
The clean synthesis of 6-cyano-2,2-dimethyl-2-H-1-benzopyran epoxide starting from 3-methyl- 2-butenal is reported using recyclable catalysts. H4PMo11VO40 (PMo11V) and (PyH)3HPMo11VO40 (Py3?PMo11V) Keggin-type heteropolyacids were used to synthesize 6-cyano-2,2-dimethyl-2-H-1- benzopyran in two steps with 35% yield. This is an alternative procedure to the traditional methodology with pyridine or picoline as catalyst, where 6-cyano-2,2-dimethyl-2-H-1-benzopyran is obtained by condensation of 4-cyanophenol with 1,1-diethoxy-3-methyl-2-butene. The 6-cyano-2,2- dimethyl-2-H-1-benzopyran epoxide was obtained using Jacobsen-type catalysts, and in situ generated dimethyldioxirane (DMD) as oxidizing agent, that in comparison to m-CPBA/4-NMO and NaOCl/4-PPNO did not degrade the catalyst. In presence of 4-phenylpyridine N-oxide (4-PPNO) at 4 ◦C, enantioselectivities of 87% for 3S,4S-epoxide and 68% for 3R,4R-epoxide were obtained with the S,S- and R,R-Jacobsen catalysts, respectively. Overall yield was approximately 17% for 3S,4S-epoxide.