CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION Y DESARROLLO EN CIENCIAS APLICADAS "DR. JORGE J. RONCO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Biodiesel production optimization using Al2O3 based catalysts
MARCOS SANCHEZ; MARISA B. NAVAS; JOSE F. RUGGERA; MONICA L. CASELLA; JOSE ARACIL MIRA ; MERCEDES MARTINEZ RODRIGUEZ
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2014 vol. 73 p. 661 - 661
The transesterification reaction of soybean oil with methanol is studied with different gAl2O3 heterogeneous catalysts. The catalysts used are K-gAl2O3, Na-gAl2O3, Li-gAl2O3, Ca-gAl2O3 and Ba-gAl2O3 both 5% and 10% in metal content are prepared by impregnation. The first study concluded that only two of the ten catalysts studied (K-gAl2O3, Na-gAl2O3 with 10% content in metal) gave a FAME (Fatty acid methyl esters) yield result higher than 90%. A mixed-level design of experiments is used to know which the best catalyst is between the K-gAl2O3 and the Na-gAl2O3 with 10% content in metal. Also, a factorial design of experiments and central composite designs have been used with K-gAl2O3 with 10% content in metal, which resulted the most active catalyst. The chosen variables are reaction time, initial catalyst percent and methanol:oil ratio, while the response is the biodiesel yield. Soybean heterogeneous transesterification is strongly affected by the methanol:oil ratio and it is slightly affected by the catalyst percent. Nevertheless, reaction time has no important effects in the biodiesel yield. Finally, the industrial application of the soybean biodiesel as determined through the study of the quality control of the biofuel and the reuse of K-gAl2O3 with 10% content in metal.