CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION Y DESARROLLO EN CIENCIAS APLICADAS "DR. JORGE J. RONCO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Addition of nanosilicas with different silanol content to thermoplastic poliurethane adhesives
VEGA BAUDRIT J.; NAVARRO BAÑÓN V; VAZQUEZ PATRICIA; MARTÍN MARTÍNEZ J.M.
International Journal of Adhesion and Adhesives
Lugar: USA; Año: 2006 vol. 26 p. 378 - 378
Three nanosilicas with different silanol contents were prepared by treatment of hydrophilic fumed silica with dimethyldichlorosilane.This treatment reduced the silanol content and produced the particle agglomeration of the nanosilicas. Thermoplasticpolyurethane (TPU) adhesives containing nanosilicas were prepared and characterized by FTIR spectroscopy, differential scanningcalorimetry (DSC), plateplate rheology, dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM)and stressstrain testing. Adhesive strength was obtained from T-peel tests of PVC/polyurethane adhesive joints.The addition of hydrophilic nanosilicas favoured the degree of phase separation between the hard (i.e. isocyanate+chainextender) and soft (i.e. polyol) segments in the TPUs; the higher the silanol content on the surface of silica, the higher the degree ofphase separation, and the crystallinity of the polyurethane (due to the soft segments) was also increased. Hydrogen bonds betweenthe ester carbonyl groups in the TPU and the silanol groups on the silica surface were created and more favoured by increasing thesilanol content. The tensile strength increased and the elongation at break of the polyurethane decreased by increasing the silanolcontent of the nanosilica. Addition of nanosilica increased the immediate adhesion of the polyurethane adhesives to PVC,irrespective of the silanol content on the nanosilica. The higher the mechanical and the rheological properties of the polyurethanescontaining nanosilicas with different silanol content, the higher the final adhesive strength.r 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.Keywords: A. Polyurethane; C. Infrared spectra; C. Rheology; D. Mechanical properties of adhesives