CENTRO DE INVESTIGACION Y DESARROLLO EN CIENCIAS APLICADAS "DR. JORGE J. RONCO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Borated Zirconia modified with ammoniummetatungstate as catalyst in alcohol acetylation
LILIAN OSIGLIO; A. G. SATHICQ; G. ROMANELLI; MIRTA N. BLANCO
JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR CATALYSIS A-CHEMICAL
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2012 vol. 359 p. 97 - 97
Samples of tungsten-modiﬁed borated zirconia were prepared to be used as catalyst in2-phenoxyethano acetylation. The borated zirconias were obtained by impregnation of two zirconias (S2 and S4) obtained by the micellar method using different zirconium precursor concentrations with boric acid solution con-taining 0.3 moles B/dm3. These solids and the parent zirconias were impregnated with two concentration levels of ammonium metatungstate solutions (0.11 and 0.22 moles W/dm3). The solids containing boron mainly have amorphous characteristics and strong acidity, while those that contain only tungsten showedstronger acidity and evidence of the presence of a crystalline phase. The speciﬁc surface area and the pore volume slightly decreased in the solids obtained by adding tungsten to borated zirconia, and more markedly in those that contain only tungsten, and the mean pore size increased with respect to theparent support. It was observed that in the 2-phenoxyethanol acetylation using acetic acid as acylating agent and tungsten-modiﬁed borated zirconia as catalyst, the yield to acetylated product was high and it is correlated with the acid strength of the catalysts. In turn, the solids that contain only tungsten havea correlation with the acidity, but lead to low yield values due to a poorer dispersion of the tungsten species. The best yield was obtained with the catalyst prepared with the borated S4 zirconia containing 15% g B2O3/100 g support and 12.5% g W/100 g support. Using this catalyst and the same reaction condi-tions, the acetylation of different alcohols and phenols was studied, the reactivity order being as follows primary alcohols > secondary alcohols > phenols.