CIC   05421
CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES CARDIOVASCULARES "DR. HORACIO EUGENIO CINGOLANI"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Experimental assessment of a myocyte-based multiscale model of cardiac contractile dysfunction
Autor/es:
LASCANO, ELENA C.; KOSTA, SARA; NEGRONI, JORGE A.; WRAY, SANDRA; CABRERA-FISCHER, EDMUNDO I.; WRAY, SANDRA; CABRERA-FISCHER, EDMUNDO I.; FELICE, JUAN I.; DAUBY, PIERRE C.; FELICE, JUAN I.; DAUBY, PIERRE C.; LASCANO, ELENA C.; KOSTA, SARA; NEGRONI, JORGE A.
Revista:
JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY
Editorial:
ACADEMIC PRESS LTD-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Referencias:
Año: 2018 vol. 456 p. 16 - 28
ISSN:
0022-5193
Resumen:
Cardiac contractile dysfunction (CD) is a multifactorial syndrome caused by different acute or progressive diseases which hamper assessing the role of the underlying mechanisms characterizing a defined pathological condition. Mathematical modeling can help to understand the processes involved in CD and analyze their relative impact in the overall response. The aim of this study was thus to use a myocyte-based multiscale model of the circulatory system to simulate the effects of halothane, a volatile anesthetic which at high doses elicits significant acute CD both in isolated myocytes and intact animals. Ventricular chambers built using a human myocyte model were incorporated into a whole circulatory system represented by resistances and capacitances. Halothane-induced decreased sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+ (SERCA2a) reuptake pump, transient outward K+ (Ito), Na+-Ca2+ exchanger (INCX) and L-type Ca2+ channel (ICaL) currents, together with ryanodine receptor (RyR2) increased open probability (Po) and reduced myofilament Ca2+ sensitivity, reproduced equivalent decreased action potential duration at 90% repolarization and intracellular Ca2+ concentration at the myocyte level reported in the literature. In the whole circulatory system, model reduction in mean arterial pressure, cardiac output and regional wall thickening fraction was similar to experimental results in open-chest sheep subjected to acute halothane overdose. Effective model performance indicates that the model structure could be used to study other changes in myocyte targets eliciting CD.