CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES CARDIOVASCULARES "DR. HORACIO EUGENIO CINGOLANI"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Ex vivo treatment with a polyphenol-enriched cocoa extract ameliorates myocardial infarct and postischemic mitochondrial injury in normotensive and hypertensive rats
FANTINELLI JC; G SCHINELLA; LF GONZÁLEZ ARBELÁEZ; C CALDIZ; MARÍA S MOSCA; CIOCCI PARDO A; RIOS JL
JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Lugar: Washington; Año: 2016
Our objective was to determine the effects of a polyphenol-enriched cocoa extract (PCE) on myocardial34 postischemic alterations in normotensive (Wistar rats, W) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).35 Isolated hearts were submitted to 110 min of perfusion or 20-min stabilization, 30-min global ischemia36 and 60-min reperfusion (R). Other hearts were treated with PCE at the onset of R. Infarct size, the37 reduced glutathione (GSH) and the expression of phospho-Akt, P-GSK-3β and P-eNOS were assessed. Inisolated mitochondria the Ca2+38 - mediated response of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP),39 membrane potential (ψm) and superoxide production were determined. PCE decreased infarct size,40 partly preserved GSH, increased the P-Akt, P-GSK-3β and P-eNOS contents, improved mPTP responseto Ca2+41 , decreased the superoxide production and restored ψm.42 These data show that PCE decreases the cardiac postischemic damage in W rats and SHR and suggest that43 Akt/GSK-3β/eNOS dependent pathways are involved