CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES CARDIOVASCULARES "DR. HORACIO EUGENIO CINGOLANI"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors reduce cardiac dysfunction after sustained coronary artery ligation in rats
DÍAZ RG; PÉREZ NG; VARGAS LA; SEPÚLVEDA DE; ÁLVAREZ BV; PINILLA OA; SWENSON ER
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2016 vol. 25 p. 468 - 477
Background: Two potent carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitors with widely differing membrane permeability, poorly diffusible benzolamide (BZ), and highly diffusible ethoxzolamide (ETZ) were assessed to determine whether they can reduce cardiac dysfunction in rats subjected to coronary artery ligation (CAL)-induced myocardial infarction.Methods and results: Rats with evidence of heart failure (HF) at 32 weeks following a permanent left anterior coronary artery occlusion were treated with placebo, BZ, or ETZ (4 mg kg day−1) for 4 weeks at which time left ventricularfunction and structure were evaluated. Lung weight/body weight (LW/BW) ratio increased in CAL rats by 17±1% vs. control, suggesting pulmonary edema. There was a trend for BZ and ETZ to ameliorate the increase in LW/BW by almost 50% (9±5% and 9±8%, respectively, versus CAL) (P=.16, NS). Echocardiographic assessment showed decreased left ventricular midwall shortening in HF rats, 21±1% vs. control 32±1%, which was improved by BZ to 29±1% and ETZ to 27±1%, and reduced endocardial shortening in HF rats 38±3% vs. control 62±1%, partiallyrestored by BZ and ETZ to ~50%. Expression of the hypoxia-inducible membrane-associated CAIX isoform increased by ~60% in HF rat hearts, and this effect was blocked by ETZ.Conclusions: We conclude that CAL-induced myocardial interstitial fibrosis and associated decline in left ventricular function were diminished with BZ or ETZ treatment. The reductions in cardiac remodeling in HF with both ETZ and BZ CA inhibitors suggest that inhibition of a membrane-bound CA appears to be the critical site for this protection.