CENTRO DE INVESTIGACIONES CARDIOVASCULARES "DR. HORACIO EUGENIO CINGOLANI"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Normalization of the calcineurin pathway underlies the regression of hypertensive hypertrophy induced by NHE-1 inhibition
ENNIS IL; GARCIARENA CD; ESCUDERO EM; PÉREZ NG; DULCE RA; CAMILIÓN DE HURTADO MC; CINGOLANI HE
CANADIAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY
NRC Research Press
Año: 2007 vol. 85 p. 301 - 310
Na+/H+ exchanger-1 (NHE-1) inhibition induces cardiac hypertrophy regression and (or) prevention in several experimental models, although the intracellular events involved remain unclarified. We aimed to determine whether the calcineurin/NFAT pathway mediates this effect of NHE-1 inhibitors. Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with cardiac hypertrophy were treated with the NHE-1 inhibitors cariporide and BIIB723 for 30 days. Wistar rats served as normotensive controls. Their hearts were studied by echocardiography, immunoblotting, and real-time RT-PCR. Cytoplasmic Ca2+ and calcineurin Abeta expression were measured in cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVM) stimulated with endothelin-1 for 24 h. NHE-1 blockade induced cardiac hypertrophy regression (heart mass/body mass=3.63+/-0.07 vs. 3.06+/-0.05 and 3.02+/-0.13 for untreated vs. cariporide- and BIIB723-treated SHR, respectively; p<0.05) and decreased myocardial brain natriuretic peptide, calcineurin Abeta, and nuclear NFAT expressions. Echocardiographic evaluation demonstrated a reduction in left ventricular wall thickness without changes in cavity dimensions or a significant decrease in blood pressure. NHE-1-inhibitor treatment did not affect myocardial stiffness or endocardial shortening, but increased mid-wall shortening, suggesting that a positive inotropic effect develops after hypertrophy regression. Cariporide normalized the increased diastolic Ca2+ and calcineurin Abeta expression observed in ET-1-stimulated NRVM. In conclusion, our data suggest that inactivation of calcineurin/NFAT pathway may underlie the regression of cardiac hyper-trophy induced by NHE-1 inhibition.