INSTITUTO DE FISIOLOGIA VEGETAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Advances in a tree willow (Salix spp) breeding program in Argentina for different wood applications
CERRILLO T; ACHINELLI FG; MONTEOLIVA S ; GRANDE JORGELINA; VILLAVERDE R
Conferencia; 25TH Session of International Poplar Commission (IPC); 2016
Tree willows are cultivated in Argentina for different applications, mainly pulp and paper industry and particleboard, and, secondarily, for saw-timber. With the aim to improve the clonal offer, a breeding programme is being developed by INTA in collaboration with other official institutions and private agreements. The strategy is based on inter and intra-specific hybridisation and selection, considering: growth, adaptability, resistance to pests and diseases, stem form and wood quality. A broad series of trials to test the material are located in different areas of the country, the most in the Paraná Delta , the main core of willow production in the country; other tests are established in Patagonia region and Salado River Basin.Evaluations of a series of screening and yield trials in Delta area have led to select six new clones in 2012, and three more in 2016. Clonal identification by genetics markers were carried out for all genotypes. Six of these genotypes were originated from controlled crossings (S. matsudana x S. aba and S. matsudana x S. nigra), and three from open-pollination (individuals of S. alba, S. nigra and S. matsudana). In yield trials of six years old, localized in average site qualities of Delta region, the new clones showed a mean of volume of 22.8m3.ha-1.yr-1, which was 45.3% better than the mean of the older traditional clones. The three top clones of the nine selected clones yielded 33.2m3.ha-1.yr-1, 28.7m3.ha-1.yr-1 and 26.5m3.ha-1.yr-1. Regarding wood traits, six of the nine new improved clones showed outstanding characteristics (basic density, fiber length, whiteness of the wood; and tear strength, tensile strength and scattering of the pulp) and suitability for sawing. The genotypes selected have different degrees of flooding tolerance, in consequence specific clones could be recommended according to the risk of flooding of each area.