INFIVE   05416
INSTITUTO DE FISIOLOGIA VEGETAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Revision of the genus Salpichlaena J. Sm. (Blechnaceae, Pteridophyta)
Autor/es:
GIUDICE, G. E.; LUNA, M. L.; CARRIÓN C.; DE LA SOTA, E. R.
Revista:
AMERICAN FERN JOURNAL
Editorial:
American Fern Society
Referencias:
Lugar: Washington; Año: 2008 vol. 98 p. 49 - 49
ISSN:
0002-8444
Resumen:
Salpichlaena J. Sm. (Blechnaceae) is a climbing fern that grows in Central and South America. The species recognized for this genus varies according to the authors from one to four. The subject of this work was to realize the systematic revision of the genus Salpichlaena in order to contribute to the knowledge of the fern biodiversity in America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. South America. The species recognized for this genus varies according to the authors from one to four. The subject of this work was to realize the systematic revision of the genus Salpichlaena in order to contribute to the knowledge of the fern biodiversity in America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. South America. The species recognized for this genus varies according to the authors from one to four. The subject of this work was to realize the systematic revision of the genus Salpichlaena in order to contribute to the knowledge of the fern biodiversity in America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. J. Sm. (Blechnaceae) is a climbing fern that grows in Central and South America. The species recognized for this genus varies according to the authors from one to four. The subject of this work was to realize the systematic revision of the genus Salpichlaena in order to contribute to the knowledge of the fern biodiversity in America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. Salpichlaena in order to contribute to the knowledge of the fern biodiversity in America. For this purpose morphological, anatomical and palinological characters were analysed in material from its whole distributional area. Herbarium specimens were treated according to the standard techniques for LM and SEM studies. The type specimens and the original descriptions were consulted to determine the material. Two species are recognized, S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston.S. volubilis (Kaulf.) J.Sm. and S. hookeriana (Kuntze) Alston. Salpichlaena hookeriana differs from S. volubilis by the pronounced foliar dimorphism (the fertile pinnules are much reduced), the presence of axillary buds in sterile basal pinnules, small and straight costular scales and the presence of glandular hairs at the abaxial surface of the costa. The spores are monolete in both taxa, with rugulategranulate perispore and superficial spherules. Salpichlaena volubilis is widely distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. (the fertile pinnules are much reduced), the presence of axillary buds in sterile basal pinnules, small and straight costular scales and the presence of glandular hairs at the abaxial surface of the costa. The spores are monolete in both taxa, with rugulategranulate perispore and superficial spherules. Salpichlaena volubilis is widely distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. (the fertile pinnules are much reduced), the presence of axillary buds in sterile basal pinnules, small and straight costular scales and the presence of glandular hairs at the abaxial surface of the costa. The spores are monolete in both taxa, with rugulategranulate perispore and superficial spherules. Salpichlaena volubilis is widely distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. differs from S. volubilis by the pronounced foliar dimorphism (the fertile pinnules are much reduced), the presence of axillary buds in sterile basal pinnules, small and straight costular scales and the presence of glandular hairs at the abaxial surface of the costa. The spores are monolete in both taxa, with rugulategranulate perispore and superficial spherules. Salpichlaena volubilis is widely distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. Salpichlaena volubilis is widely distributed in Central and South America, from Guatemala and Caribbean Islands, up to South Brazil and Bolivia, in a wide altitude range, between 200 to 1900 m s. m. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. S. hookeriana grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given. grows from Colombia, Venezuelan Guyana, Suriname, British Guiana, North Brazil to Peru and Bolivia, at altitudes up to 800 m s. m. The diagnostic characters, illustrations and distribution maps of both species are given.
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