INSTITUTO DE FISIOLOGIA VEGETAL
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Fertilization in a fourth rotation Eucalyptus grandis plantation with minimal management
CORINA GRACIANO; JUAN FRANCISCO GOYA; MARCELO FABIÁN ARTURI; CAROLINA PÉREZ; JORGE LUIS FRANGI
JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE FORESTRY
Haworth Press, Inc
Año: 2008 vol. 26 p. 155 - 155
Successive rotation and wood harvest of fast growing trees, like Eucalyptus grandis, can deplete soil nutrient pools. In these intensively used soils, productivity can decrease, and fertilization can be necessary to recover soil fertility. The aim of this work is to evaluate if fertilization with N and P increases tree growth and foliar nutrients in an Eucalyptus grandis plantation growing over a soil used for three rotations of this species. In the same experiment, both fertilization on seedlings and coppiced trees were evaluated. One and two years after planting, any fertilization treatment increased tree growth, even though coppiced trees had higher total height and DBH than replanted trees. Coppiced trees had lower specific leaf area, as well as lower N and P leaf concentration. The lack of promotion in growth due to fertilization can be explained by the inputs of nutrients from the harvest residues of the previous rotation. As residues were never burned in this site, its decomposition released a high part of nutrients necessary to sustain growth during the first two years. We conclude that in sites where residues were left on site and were not burned, nutrient availability is enough and so fertilization at establishment is not necessary. It remains to be determined if fertilization is necessary at mid or end rotation, in order to balance nutrients export with harvest wood.