CENTRO DE QUIMICA INORGANICA "DR. PEDRO J. AYMONINO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Improving the antidepressant action and the bioavailability of sertraline by co-crystallization with coumarin 3-carboxylate. Structural determination
GRACIELA E. ESCUDERO; OSCAR E. PIRO; JUAN J. MARTÍNEZ MEDINA; PATRICIA A.M. WILLIAMS; CARLOS H. LAINO; GUSTAVO A. ECHEVERRÍA; NANCY MARTINI; AILÉN N. RODRÍGUEZ; LIBERTAD L. LÓPEZ TÉVEZ; EVELINA G. FERRER
ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
Año: 2016 vol. 249 p. 46 - 46
To improve the antidepressant action of sertraline a new salt with coumarin-3-carboxylate anion (SerHCCA) has been synthesized by two different methods and characterized by FTIR spectroscopy and structural determinations by X-ray diffraction methods. The new salt is stabilized by strong intermolecular H-bonds involving the protonated amine group of SerH and the deprotonated carboxylate group of CCA. These findings can be correlated with the interpretation of the infrared spectrum. The salt, sertraline (SerHCl) and the sodium salt of coumarin-3-carboxylate (NaCCA) were orally administered male Wistar rats (10 mg/kg, based on sertraline). Rats were evaluated in separate groups by means of the forced swimming (FST). SerH-CCA produced antidepressant effects in a magnitude that exceeded SerHCl individual effects. None of these treatments affected activity levels by the open field OFT tests. We havealso determined that the ion pair also improve the binding to bovine serum albumin (BSA) of the drug but retain its antimicrobial activity. It is reasonable to conclude that the replacement of chloride anion by a large organic anion in sertraline strengthens the pharmacological action of the native drug, binding to BSA with higher activity and retaining the antimicrobial activity of the antidepressant compound.