CENTRO DE QUIMICA INORGANICA "DR. PEDRO J. AYMONINO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Cu(Nor)2.5H2O, a complex of Cu(II) with Norfloxacin: theoretical approach and biological studies. Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in cell cultures
A. L. DI VIRGILIO I. E. LEO ́N C. A. FRANCA I. HENAO G. TOBO ́N S. B. ETCHEVERRY
MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY
Lugar: Berlin; Año: 2013 vol. 376 p. 53 - 53
Norfloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic used in the treatment of bacterial infections. In this article, we studied the potential antitumoral action of a complex of Norfloxacin with Cu(II), Cu(Nor)2_5H2O on osteosarcoma cells (UMR106) and calvaria-derived cells (MC3T3-E1), evaluating its cytotoxicity and genitoxicity. We have also elucidated the more stable conformation of this complex under physiologic conditions by Molecular Dynamic simulations based on the model of the canonical ensemble and PM6 force field. When solvent effect was taken into account, the complex conformation with both carbonyl groups in opposite sides displayed lower energy. Cu(Nor)2_5H2O caused an inhibitory effect on the proliferation on both cell lines from 300 lM (P�.01). Nevertheless, the decline on cell proliferation of UMR106 cells was more pronounced (45 % vs basal) than in MC3T3-E1 cells (20 % vs basal) at 300 lM (P�.01). Cu(Nor)2_5H2O altered lysosomal metabolism (Neutral Red assay) in a dose-dependent manner from 300 lM (P�.001). Morphological studies showed important transformations that correlated with a decrease in the number of cells in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, Cu(Nor)2_5H2O caused statistically significant genotoxic effects on both osteoblast cell lines in a lower range of concentrations (Micronucleus assay) (P�.05 at 10 lM, P�.001 from 25 to 50 lM). UMR106 cells displayed a dose-related enotoxic effect between 5 and 25 lM while the MC3T3-E1 cells showed a narrower concentration dependent range. Altogether, these results suggest that Cu(Nor)2_5H2O is a good candidate to be further evaluated for alternative therapeutics in cancer treatment.