CENTRO DE QUIMICA INORGANICA "DR. PEDRO J. AYMONINO"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Theoretical study on the structure and reactive sites of three non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Ibuprofen, Naproxen and Tolmetin acids
NORA OKULIK; ALICIA JUBERT
JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR STRUCTURE THEOCHEM
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2006 vol. 769 p. 135 - 135
The mode of action of the non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is attributed primarily to the inhibition of PG synthesis, and more specifically, to the inhibition of the COX enzyme system. In an effort to gain a deeper insight on the properties of NSAIDs as Ibuprofen [2-(4-isobutylphenyl)propionic acid], Naproxen [6-methoxy-a-methyl-2-naphthalene acetic acid] and Tolmetin acids [1-methyl-5-(4-methylbenzoyl)-1H-pyrrole-2-acetic acid], that will provide knowledge of their action, we have performed theoretical studies in the frame of the AIM Baders theory (atoms in molecules). Through the analysis of the topological properties of the three molecules it was shown that the C-C, C-N, N-H and C-H ring bonds as well as the C=O and O-H bonds of the carboxylic groups are strong shared interactions. A hydrogen bond is localized in the Tolmetin acid between O16-H31 as was anticipated in the analysis of its MEP. The analysis of the sites of major concentration electronic charge performed through the Electrostatic Potential Maps and the calculation of the Non Bonding Critical Points shown that the Oxygen atoms of the NAIDs would be the preferential sites for the electrophilic attack, among them those corresponding to the carboxylic groups.