INSTITUTO DE FISICA DE LIQUIDOS Y SISTEMAS BIOLOGICOS
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Effects of Cross-Clamping on Vascular Mechanics: Comparing Waveform Analysis With a Numerical Model
POLITI, MARÍA TERESA; GHIGO, ARTHUR; CAPURRO, CLAUDIA; VENTRE, JEANNE; GAUDRIC, JULIEN; LAGRÉE, PIERRE-YVES; FERNÁNDEZ, JUAN MANUEL; ARMENTANO, RICARDO
JOURNAL OF SURGICAL RESEARCH
ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE
Año: 2019 vol. 244 p. 587 - 598
BACKGROUND:Immediate changes in vascular mechanics during aortic cross-clamping remain widely unknown. By using a numerical model of the arterial network, vascular compliance and resistance can be estimated and the time constant of pressure waves can be calculated and compared with results from the classic arterial waveform analysis.METHODS:Experimental data were registered from continuous invasive radial artery pressure measurements from 11 patients undergoing vascular surgery. A stable set of beats were chosen immediately before and after each clamping event. Through the arterial waveform analysis, the time constant was calculated for each individual beat and for a mean beat of each condition as to compare with numerical simulations. Overall proportional changes in resistance and compliance during clamping and unclamping were calculated using the numerical model.RESULTS:Arterial waveform analysis of individual beats indicated a significant 10% median reduction in the time constant after clamping, and a significant 17% median increase in the time constant after unclamping. There was a positive correlation between waveform analysis and numerical values of the time constant, which was moderate (ρ = 0.51; P = 0.01486) during clamping and strong (ρ = 0.77; P ≤ 0.0001) during unclamping. After clamping, there was a significant 16% increase in the mean resistance and a significant 23% decrease in the mean compliance. After unclamping, there was a significant 19% decrease in the mean resistance and a significant 56% increase in the mean compliance.CONCLUSIONS:There are significant hemodynamic changes in vascular compliance and resistance during aortic clamping and unclamping. Numerical computer models can add information on the mechanisms of injury due to aortic clamping.