CENTRO DE TECNOLOGIA DE RECURSOS MINERALES Y CERAMICA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Preparation of In-doped Y2O3 ceramics through a sol-gel process: Effects on the structural and electronic properties
RENTERÍA, MARIO; FACCIO, RICARDO; RICHARD, DIEGO; ROMERO, MARIANO; CARBONARI, ARTUR W.
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Año: 2020 vol. 46 p. 16088 - 16095
The Pechini-type sol-gel (PSG) process has been used for the preparation of doped oxides due to its capability to overcome most of the difficulties that frequently occur by using other producing methods. In this work we analyze the case of samples of pure and In-doped yttria (Y2O3) prepared by the PSG process. We experimentally characterize the synthesized samples by x-ray diffraction, micro-Raman spectroscopy, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and time-differential perturbed γ-γ angular correlation (PAC) spectroscopy, and we compare these results with those obtained starting from commercial oxide powders. We found that the PSG process can be used to successfully produce doped yttria in the cubic phase, with the impurities substitutionally located at the cationic sites of the structure. By the proposed PSG route, the inclusion of impurities does not affect the particle size nor the resistivity. However, when we compare the PSG samples with other samples produced from commercial powder, we found that the first have lower resistivities at grain interiors. On the other hand, PAC spectroscopy in 111In(→ 111Cd)-doped yttria allows the study of the dynamic hyperfine interactions observed by the radioactive 111 Cd impurity-probe, which can be used to ?sense? the host electron availability near the impurities after the electron-capture decay of 111In. Differences between PAC spectra for PSG samples and the commercial powder suggest that the PSG process introduces additional donor defects into the yttria electronic structure, which is consistent with the lower resistivity observed in the PSG samples by EIS spectroscopy.