INSTITUTO DE GEOCRONOLOGIA Y GEOLOGIA ISOTOPICA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Lipids influence on Carbon isotopic signals from collagen samples of terrestrial herbivores
SAMEC, C.; TESSONE, A.; GALLEGO, E.; PANARELLO, H.O.
Brasilia - Brasil
Simposio; VII SOUTH AMERCAN SYMPOSIUM ON ISOTOPE GEOLOGY; 2010
Universidad Nacional de Brasilia -Brasil
Lipids are depleted in 13C stable isotope, in relation to proteins such as collagen, and carbohydrates. In the use of carbon stable isotopes there are two scenarios in which this difference can lead to paleo-dietary misinterpretations or inaccurate food chain reconstructions. The first one is in relation to the variability of lipid content depending on several variables such as tissue´s location, species and environment (ie. terrestrial vs. marine). Numerous studies on ecology highlight the problems and the methods that deal with this variability in lipids contents. The second problem arises in the context of archaeological or paleocological research involving samples with varying degrees of diagenesis that generate a differential preservation of lipids, particularly when these are compared with modern samples. Our study assess how lipid content affects the d13C values on terrestrial mammalian herbivores´ bone collagen, having as a final goal to determine the magnitude of the bias that this biochemical compound can introduce into paleo-dietary interpretations. For this reason we compare the isotopic signal (d13C)of 36 modern bone collagen samples, with varying degrees of preservation, against the same samples after being subject to lipid removal treatment.