INSTITUTO DE GEOCRONOLOGIA Y GEOLOGIA ISOTOPICA
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
congresos y reuniones científicas
Intra-individual variation in carbon and nitrogen isotope composition from bone and dentin collagen from a modern wild camelid in the Dry Puna of Argentina
SAMEC, C. T. ; ARZAMENDIA, Y.; BALDO, J.; PANARELLO, H.O.; YACOBACCIO, H. D.
Conferencia; 12th International Conference ICAZ; 2014
Internarional Council for Archaeology
The isotopic composition of tissues formed at different times and with different turnover rates can be used to address dietary and physiological variation in animal populations, especially when studying aspects such as diet seasonality, movement and weaning in wild animals from modern and archaeological contexts. Isotopic values of bone reflect diet during the whole animal life since its collagen is constantly but slowly remodeled. In contrast, isotopic values of tooth dentin reflect diet during the early years of an animal life since its collagen does not remodel after formation. Previous studies in mammal species have shown higher dentin collagen d13C and d15N values when compared to bone collagen ones, although in some cases d13Cdentin collagen values are lower than bone collagen ones. The 15N enrichment in dentin collagen relative to bone collagen is known to be a product of suckling, which can lead to higher d15N values in teeth formed before weaning. The application of intra-individual isotopic analysis to the study of archaeological scenarios and past ecosystems requires a modern reference data set. For this reason, we conducted a preliminary study of the variation in d13C and d15N values measured on bone and dentin collagen from a wild camelid species (V. vicugna) of the Dry Puna of Argentina. This work represents the first step towards sequential sampling of camelid teeth in order to tackle diet seasonality and movement patterns of camelid herds in the past.