INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE MATEMATICA ALBERTO CALDERON
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Vectorcardiographic characterization of the ST-T interval in patients with acute ischemia
CORREA, R.; ARINI P.D.; CORREA L.; VALENTINUZZI M.; LACIAR E.
COMPUTERS IN BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2014 vol. 50 p. 49 - 49
The novel signal processing techniques have allowed and improved the use of vectorcardiography (VCG) to diagnose and characterize myocardial ischemia. Herein, we studied vectorcardiographic dynamic changes of ventricular repolarization in 80 patients before (control) and during Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA). Methods We propose four vectorcardiographic ST-T parameters, i.e., (a) ST Vector Magnitude Area (aSTVM); (b) T-wave Vector Magnitude Area (aTVM); (c) ST-T Vector Magnitude Difference (ST-TVD), and (d) T-wave Vector Magnitude Difference (TVD). For comparison, the conventional ST-Change Vector Magnitude (STCVM) and Spatial Ventricular Gradient (SVG) were also calculated. Results Our results indicate that several vectorcardiographic parameters show significant differences (p-value<0.05) before starting and during PTCA. Statistical minute-by-minute PTCA comparison against the control situation showed that ischemic monitoring reached a Sensitivity = 90.5% and a Specificity = 92.6% at the 5th minute of the PTCA, when aSTVM and ST-TVD were used as classifiers. Conclusions We conclude that the sensitivity and specificity for acute ischemia monitoring could be increased with the use of only two vectorcardiographic parameters. Hence, the proposed technique based on vectorcardiography could be used in addition to the conventional ST-T analysis for better monitoring of ischemic patients.