IAM   02674
INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE MATEMATICA ALBERTO CALDERON
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Nonpositively curved metric in the positive cone of a finite von Neumann algebra
Autor/es:
ESTEBAN ANDRUCHOW, GABRIEL LAROTONDA
Revista:
JOURNAL OF THE LONDON MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY-SECOND SERIES
Editorial:
Cambridge University Press
Referencias:
Lugar: Cambridge; Año: 2006 vol. 74 p. 205 - 205
ISSN:
0024-6107
Resumen:
In this paper we study the metric geometry of the space $\Sigma$ of positive invertible elements of a von Neumann algebra ${\cal A}$ with a finite, normal and faithful tracial state $\tau$. The trace induces an incomplete Riemannian  metric $<x,y>_a=\tau (ya^{-1}xa^{-1})$, and though the techniques involved are quite different, the situation here resembles in many relevant aspects that of the $n\times n$ matrices when they are regarded as a symmetric space. For instance we prove that geodesics are the shortest paths for the metric induced, and that the geodesic distance is a convex function; we give an intrinsic (algebraic) characterization of the geodesically convex submanifolds $M$ of $\Sigma$, and under suitable hypothesis we prove a factorization theorem for elements in the algebra that resembles the Iwasawa decomposition for matrices. This factorization is obtained \textit{via} a nonlinear orthogonal projection $\Pi_M:\Sigma\to M$, a map which turns out to be contractive for the geodesic distance.