INSTITUTO ARGENTINO DE MATEMATICA ALBERTO CALDERON
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Metric geodesics of isometries in a Hilbert space and the extension problem
ANDRUCHOW, E.; RECHT, L.; VARELA, A.
PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL SOCIETY
We consider the problem of finding short smooth curves of isometries in a Hilbert space H. The length of a smooth curve g(t), t in [0, 1], is measured by means of the integral of the of the operator norm of the derivative. The initial value problem is solved: for any isometry V0 and each tangent vector at V0 (which is an operator of the form iXV0 with X*=X) with norm less than or equal to pi, there exist curves of the form exp(itZV0), with initial velocity iZV0 = iXV0, which are short along their path. These curves, which we call metric geodesics, need not be unique, and correspond to the so called extension problem considered by M.G. Krein and others: in our context, given a symmetric operator X0 restricted to R(V0), from R(V0) to H, find all possible Z*=Z extending X0|R(V0) to all H, with norm equal to that of X0. We also consider the problem of finding metric geodesics joining two given isometries V0 and V1. It is well known that if there exists a continuous path joining V0 and V1, then both ranges have the same codimension. We show that if this number is finite, then there exist metric geodesics joining V0 and V1.