MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Salvinialean megaspores in the Late Cretaceous of southern Patagonia, Argentina
IGLESIAS, A.; SANTAMARINA, P. E.; VARELA, A.; BARREDA, V. D.
ACTA PALAEONTOLOGICA POLONICA
INST PALEOBIOLOGII PAN
Lugar: Varsovia; Año: 2018 vol. 63 p. 607 - 607
We report here two megaspores species related to the aquatic ferns of the order Salviniales from the Late CretaceousMata Amarilla Formation (Austral Basin), southern Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. We identified the species Arcellitesdisciformis and Balmeisporites cf. B. holodictyus. The presence of A. disciformis, in particular, is significant not onlybecause it represents the first record for the Southern Hemisphere, indicating a bi-hemispheric distribution for the species,but also because it increases the diversity of this genus in Patagonia. The new findings of salvinialean megasporeshighlight the importance of water ferns in the Late Cretaceous aquiferous enviroments of southern South America. Thecommon occurrences of Arcellites and Balmeisporites, whether in shallow, fresh or brackish water facies, indicatesaquatic paleoenvironment of the Mata Amarilla Formation, as was inferred also from the sedimentological evidence.Their presence also indicates that the lower and middle levels of the Mata Amarilla Formation can be attributed to themegaspore Zone M3 (Albian?Cenomanian) defined for the Cretaceous of Patagonia.