MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Discrete and morphometric traits reveal contrasting patterns and processes in the macroevolutionary history of a clade of scorpions
SARA CECCARELLI; NICOLAS MONGIARDINO KOCH; MARTIN JAVIER RAMIREZ; ANDRES ALEJANDRO OJANGUREN AFFILASTRO
JOURNAL OF EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2017 vol. 30 p. 814 - 814
Many palaeontological studies have investigated the evolution of entire body plans, generally relying on discrete character-taxon matrices. In contrast, macroevolutionary studies performed by neontologists have mostly focused on morphometric traits. Although these data types are very different, some studies have suggested that they capture common patterns. Nonetheless, the tests employed to support this claim have not explicitly incorporated a phylogenetic framework and may therefore be susceptible to confounding effects due to the presence of common phylogenetic structure. We address this question using the scorpion genus Brachistosternus Pocock 1893 as case study. We make use of a time-calibrated multilocus molecular phylogeny, and compile discrete and traditional morphometric data sets, both capturing the overall morphology of the organisms. We find that morphospaces derived from these matrices are significantly different, and that the degree of discordance cannot be replicated by simulations of random character evolution. Moreover, we find strong support for contrasting modes of evolution, with discrete characters being congruent with an ?early burst? scenario whereas morphometric traits suggest species-specific adaptations to have driven morphological evolution. The inferred macroevolutionarydynamics are therefore contingent on the choice of character type. Finally, we confirm that metrics of correlation fail to detect these profound differences given common phylogenetic structure in both data sets, and that methods incorporating a phylogenetic framework and accounting for expected covariance should be favoured.