MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Extra-pair paternity in a population of Chilean Swallows breeding at 54 degrees south
ALDANA S. LOPEZ; MARCELA LILJESTHRÖM; VALENTINA FERRETTI; IRBY J. LOVETTE; DAVID W. WINKLER
JOURNAL OF FIELD ORNITHOLOGY
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Londres; Año: 2016 vol. 87 p. 155 - 155
Geographic patterns of variation in life-history traits have puzzled researchers for decades.However, the widely accepted idea thatmating systems exhibit a tropical?temperate latitudinal trend, with extra-pair mating systems being the norm among temperate species and genetic monogamy the norm among tropical species, is supported by sparse data, particularly for birds breeding in the tropics and even more so for birds that breed in the southern hemisphere temperate zone. Our objective was to examine the genetic mating system of Chilean Swallows (Tachycineta meyeni) breeding at 54°S in Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. From 2006 to 2009, we examined the paternity of young in 52 broods. Contrary to predictions based on their congeners that breed at equivalent latitudes in the northern hemisphere, Chilean Swallows in our study had low rates of extra-pair paternity (EPP), with 13.5% of nests (N = 52) having at least one extra-pair young and 6.8% of all nestlings (N = 161) fathered by extra-pair males. These rates are also lower than those reported for species of Tachycineta swallows that breed at tropical latitudes. We found no support for a tropical?south temperate latitudinal cline in EPP rates. The highly unpredictable weather of the island of Tierra del Fuego might be influencing parental investment at this site; small clutch sizes and low EPP rates are expected if biparental attention is crucial for chick survival and reproductive success for these aerial insectivores. We argue that the sparse sampling of mating systems in birds worldwide mayhave contributed to a misapprehension of a global pattern. More studies of tropical and south-temperate systems are needed to build on theories based on a wider set of taxa.