MACNBR   00242
MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
Cytogenetic studies in three Lycosidae species from Argentina (Arachnida: Araneae)
Autor/es:
CHEMISQUY MARÍA AMELIA; RODRÍGUEZ-GIL SERGIO GUSTAVO; SCIOSCIA CRISTINA LUISA; MOLA LILIANA MARÍA
Revista:
GENETICS AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
Referencias:
Año: 2008 vol. 31 p. 857 - 857
ISSN:
1415-4757
Resumen:
Cytogenetic studies of the family Lycosidae (Arachnida: Araneae) are scarce. Less than 4% of the described species have been analyzed and the male haploid chromosome numbers ranged from 8+X1X2 to 13+X1X2. Species formerly classified as Lycosawere the most studied ones. Our aim in this work was to perform a comparative analysis of the meiosis in " Lycosa" erythrognathaLucas, " Lycosa" pampeanaHolmberg and Schizocosa malitiosa(Tullgren). We also compared male and female karyotypes and characterized the heterochromatin of " L." erythrognatha. The males of the three species had 2n = 22, n = 10+X1X2, all the chromosomes were telocentric and there was generally a single chiasma per bivalent. In " Lycosa" pampeana, which is described cytogenetically for the first time herein, the bivalents and sex chromosomes showed a clustered arrangement at prometaphase I. The comparison of the male/female karyotypes (2n = 22/24) of " Lycosa" erythrognatharevealed that the sex chromosomes were the largest of the complement and that the autosomes decreased gradually in size. The analysis of the amount, composition and distribution of heterochromatin with C-banding and staining with DAPI- and CMA3- showed that " Lycosa" erythrognathahad little GC-rich heterochromatin in the pericentromeric region of all chromosomes. In addition, the actual occurrence of the genus Lycosain the Southern Hemisphere is discussed.1X2 to 13+X1X2. Species formerly classified as Lycosawere the most studied ones. Our aim in this work was to perform a comparative analysis of the meiosis in " Lycosa" erythrognathaLucas, " Lycosa" pampeanaHolmberg and Schizocosa malitiosa(Tullgren). We also compared male and female karyotypes and characterized the heterochromatin of " L." erythrognatha. The males of the three species had 2n = 22, n = 10+X1X2, all the chromosomes were telocentric and there was generally a single chiasma per bivalent. In " Lycosa" pampeana, which is described cytogenetically for the first time herein, the bivalents and sex chromosomes showed a clustered arrangement at prometaphase I. The comparison of the male/female karyotypes (2n = 22/24) of " Lycosa" erythrognatharevealed that the sex chromosomes were the largest of the complement and that the autosomes decreased gradually in size. The analysis of the amount, composition and distribution of heterochromatin with C-banding and staining with DAPI- and CMA3- showed that " Lycosa" erythrognathahad little GC-rich heterochromatin in the pericentromeric region of all chromosomes. In addition, the actual occurrence of the genus Lycosain the Southern Hemisphere is discussed.1X2, all the chromosomes were telocentric and there was generally a single chiasma per bivalent. In " Lycosa" pampeana, which is described cytogenetically for the first time herein, the bivalents and sex chromosomes showed a clustered arrangement at prometaphase I. The comparison of the male/female karyotypes (2n = 22/24) of " Lycosa" erythrognatharevealed that the sex chromosomes were the largest of the complement and that the autosomes decreased gradually in size. The analysis of the amount, composition and distribution of heterochromatin with C-banding and staining with DAPI- and CMA3- showed that " Lycosa" erythrognathahad little GC-rich heterochromatin in the pericentromeric region of all chromosomes. In addition, the actual occurrence of the genus Lycosain the Southern Hemisphere is discussed.3- showed that " Lycosa" erythrognathahad little GC-rich heterochromatin in the pericentromeric region of all chromosomes. In addition, the actual occurrence of the genus Lycosain the Southern Hemisphere is discussed.