MACNBR   00242
MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
artículos
Título:
An Early Cretaceous astropectinid (Echinodermata, Asteroidea) from Patagonia (Argentina): a new species and the oldest record of the family for the Southern Hemisphere
Autor/es:
FERNÁNDEZ DIANA E.; PÉREZ DAMIAN E.; LETICIA LUCI; CARRIZO MARTIN A.
Revista:
ANDEAN GEOLOGY
Editorial:
SERVICIO NACIONAL GEOLOGIA MINERVA
Referencias:
Lugar: Santiago de Chile; Año: 2014 vol. 41 p. 210 - 210
ISSN:
0718-7092
Resumen:
Asterozoans are free living, star-shaped echinoderms which are important components of benthic marine faunas worldwide. Their fossil record is, however, poor and fragmentary, probably due to dissarticulation of ossicles. In particular, fossil asteroids are infrequent in South America. A new species of starfish is reported from the early Valanginian of the Mulichinco Formation, Neuquén Basin, in the context of a shallow-water, storm-dominated shoreface environment. The specimen belongs to the Astropectinidae, and was assigned to a new species within the genus Tethyaster Sladen, T. antares sp. nov., characterized by a R:r ratio of 2.43:1, rectangular marginals wider in the interbrachial angles, inferomarginals (28 pairs along a median arc) with slightly convex profile and flat spines (one per ossicle in the interbrachials and two per ossicle in the arms). Both the sedimentologic features of the bearing bed, and the taphonomic signature point to a rapid burial. Considering the presence of well-developed fascioles, it is likely that the specimen was already half buried at the beginning of its taphonomic pathway. This record represents the oldest finding of Astropectinidae in the Southern Hemisphere and the first record of the genus Tethyaster for the Lower Cretaceous of South America.