MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
A late Paleozoic fossil forest from the southern Andes, Argentina
CÉSARI, S. N.; BUSQUETS, P.; MÉNDEZ-BEDIA ISABEL; COLOMBO, F.; LIMARINO, C. O.; CARDÓ R.; GALLASTEGUI, GLORIA
PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2012 vol. 333 p. 131 - 131
An anatomical and ecological study of a Late Pennsylvanianearly Permian assemblage of silicified trunks from the San Ignacio Formation of southern Andean Cordillera is detailed. This stratigraphic unit has been divided in three facies associations. The silicified trunks are abundant in the middle part of the facies association C (limestones, shales and volcanics) forming a persistent forested stratigraphic level. Anatomical information integrated with sedimentological data, has allowed reconstruction of a plant community that grew on the westernmost margin of Gondwana. The paleoforest grew in wetland environments, where a taphocoenosis of only permineralized trunks and stumps has been preserved. Based on characters of the stem and roots the trees are cordaitaleans, though distinct from other members of this group. Vascular traces exhibit tracheids arranged in circular patterns indicating auxin regulation of axial growth and probably the presence of epicormic shoots. These fossil trees also preserve anatomical evidence of plantarthropod interactions and rootlets invading the decaying wood. Indistinct growth rings as well as additional indirect evidence indicate that this ecosystem experienced an overall humid, warm climatic regime.