MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Distribution and morphometric studies of flagellar sensilla in Emphorini bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea)
GALVANI, G. L.; GONZÁLEZ, A.; ROIG ALSINA, A.; SETTEMBRINI, B. P.
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Lugar: Amsterdam; Año: 2011 vol. 43 p. 673 - 673
The distribution of the antennal sensilla on the dorsal flagella of 18 taxa was studied in insects of both sexes, using light and scanning electron microscopy. There were six types of sensilla and setae on the antennae, which were identified as sensilla placodea, trichodea, basiconica, coeloconica, coelocapitular and ampullacea. The sensilla trichodea were classified into subtypes, A, B, C-D. Sensilla subtype A were the most abundant sensilla and were distributed over the entire antennae, while sensilla placodea and sensilla trichodea type B, showed a restricted distribution on specific areas of the flagella. We have recognized four patterns of spatial distribution of setae on dorsal flagella. Species having setae on the distal part of the flagellomeres tended to contain a low density of sensilla trichodea type A. Females showed a higher number of sensilla subtypes B and C-D than males; instead sensilla trichodea A were more abundant in males. No significant difference was found in the number of sensilla placodea, ampullacea, coeloconica and coelocapitular. Sensilla basiconica were found only in females. Our results showed that gustative and tactile sensilla were more abundant in female bees, as well as, olfactory receptors predominate in the antennal system of males. The possible coevolution of flagellar sensilla in males and females of solitary bees is discussed in light of previous reports. Patterns of distribution of setae determine the relative abundance of the types of sensilla in the flagellum