MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Assemblage of arthropods in the Quebrada del Morel private protected area (Atacama Region, Chile)
JAIME PIZARRO ARAYA; FERMIN ALFARO KONG; PABLO AGUSTO; JUAN PABLO CASTILLO; ANDRES ALEJANDRO OJANGUREN AFFILASTRO; JORGE CEPEDA PIZARRO
PACIFIC COAST ENTOMOL SOC
Abstract. The objective of this baseline study was to use pitfall traps to examine the taxonomic composition and abundance of arthropods in the Quebrada del Morel private protected area located in the Atacama Region (Chile). The study area was divided into 10 vegetationally and pedologically contrasting sites: coastal steppe (CS), ravine bottom (RB), dunes with Prosopis flexuosa (PF), sandy-bottomed ravine (SBR), dunes with Skytanthus acutus (SA), coastal range (CR), piedmont with Nolana sp. (PN), inland dunes (ID), steppe with Nolana sp. (EN), and steppe with Atriplex sp. (EA). A total of 2.187 specimens, belonging to 73 species in 31 families, were captured. Of these 73 species, 26 belonged to Arachnida, and 47 to Insecta. The two dominant orders of the Arachnida assemblage were Solifugae (22.8% of the total capture) and Araneae (5.7%). Insecta, on the other hand, accounted for 69.1% of the total capture and was dominated by two orders: Coleoptera (33.8% of total catch) and Orthoptera (21.9%). The most abundant arthropod families were the solifuge Mummucidae (22.5%), the coleopteran Tenebrionidae (19.4%), and the orthopteran Gryllidae (18.8%). Particularly important among these families was Tenebrionidae from which 18 species and 11 genera, were collected. The sites with the highest abundance of tenebrionids were PF (61.9%) and SBR (11.8%). The highest species diversity was observed in SBR (13 species) and PF (11 species). The differences in vegetation between the sites were clearly reflected in the numerical contribution of most taxa. The information here will help implement compensation actions, develop a reclamation plan, and consolidate a conservation management plan for the Quebrada del Morel private protected area.