MUSEO ARGENTINO DE CIENCIAS NATURALES "BERNARDINO RIVADAVIA"
Unidad Ejecutora - UE
Host use and developmental instability in the cactophilic sibling species Drosophila gouveai and D. antonietae
I.M. SOTO; V.P. CARREIRA; C. CORIO; E.M. SOTO; E. HASSON
ENTOMOLOGIA EXPERIMENTALIS ET APPLICATA
WILEY-BLACKWELL PUBLISHING, INC
Lugar: Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Año: 2010 vol. 137 p. 165 - 165
The Drosophila repleta group encompasses an ensemble of species that inhabit desertic areas that are inhospitable to other drosophilids. These species have a tractable ecology, as they breed and feed on necrotic tissues of a wide diversity of species of Cactaceae, with a certain degree of host specificity, which makes them suitable models to investigate the role of host plant shifts in diversification. Most species have their own primary host plant, which may be shared with a closely-related species. However, the consequences of host plant shifts from primary to secondary hosts have not been thoroughfully studied so far. We investigated the effects of the cactus host on developmental instability and performance of D. gouveai Tidon- Sklorz & Sene and D. antonietae Tidon-Sklorz & Sene (Diptera: Drosophilidae), a pair of closely-related sibling species, and of their F1 interspecific hybrids reared in primary and secondary host plants. Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) for wing size was significantly greater in flies of both species reared in their respective secondary cactus host than those grown in the primary host. Interspecific hybrids also exhibited host-dependent levels of FA. However, hybrids did not show greater FA than the parental species, suggesting that hybridization per se did not affect developmental stability. Even though cactus host shifts affected different measures of fitness (larval viability and adult size) both in D. antonietae and D. gouveai, we did not detect a consistent relationship between FA and fitness. Our results suggest that FAcannot be used as a sensitive indicator of genetic and phenotypic quality and we discuss its application as a fitness predictor.