Migration, remittances and capital accumulation: Evidence from rural Mexico
CHIODI, VERA; JAIMOVICH, ESTEBAN; MONTES ROJAS, GABRIEL VICTORIO
Journal of Development Studies
Taylor / Francis
Año: 2013 vol. 48 p. 1139 - 1139
This paper studies the link between migration, remittances and productive assets accumulation for a panel of poor rural households in Mexico over the period 1997-2006. In a context of financial markets imperfections, migration may act as a substitute for imperfect credit and insurance provision (through remittances from migrants) and, thus, exert a positive effect on investment. However, it may well be the case that remittances are channelled towards increasing consumption and leisure goods. Exploiting within family variation and an instrumental variable strategy, we show that migration indeed accelerates productive assets accumulation. Moreover, when we look at the effect of migration on consumption of non-productive assets (durable goods), we find instead a negative effect. Our results then suggest that poor rural families resort to migration as a way to mitigate constraints that prevent them from investing in productive assets.